Caring For Your Newfoundland Pup


Your puppy has been wormed and immunized as appropriate for its age. The certificate from our veterinarian shows the immunization received.

If you have not already done so, please consult your veterinarian after taking your puppy home. On your first visit, bring the immunization and worming record for your vet's information. Refer to the Preparing For Your Newf Pup page regarding other health matters.

General Diet and Feeding Routine


Fresh water must be available at meal times. Never let your Newf eat food without plenty of water alongside. Ideally, water should be available to your Newf at all times when outside, particularly in hot weather.

Table scraps should never be given to a pup under six months. After six months of age, they may be given occasionally, provided the regular food is being eaten consistently and adequately.

Chew items are great for healthy teeth and gums at all ages. During the teething period, they are indispensable. You can choose from hooves, smoked bones or safety approved items such as chew sticks made with rawhide particles (not solid rawhide).

From time to time, your Newf will go off his food for a day or two. This is normal and usually not a cause for concern. If this becomes a persistent problem, please consult the breeder.

Feeding Pups and Adults

Pups and adults are normally fed twice a day. If your Newf is to be left outside overnight, a single meal left overnight is an option, especially in hot weather.

Feeding is normally done outside in the dog's pen. Please check with the breeder before trying any alternative method. Most pups will poop within 30 minutes of eating (if you feed them on a regular schedule); so they should be left in their pen for at least 30 minutes after eating and you should ensure that they have pooped before bringing them inside.

The quantity of food to be served at each meal will vary according to age, individual metabolism, level of activity and ambient temperature. The breeder will normally keep a pup from each litter as a comparison pup for at least the first eight months and will work with the adopters to adjust the quantity fed.

Small dog or cat biscuits may be given between meals as treats. Cat treats are excellent as well. Avoid liver treats as these tend to promote diarrhea.


Your Newf should be groomed at least once a week all year round.

During the "shedding periods" he should be raked daily or every other day.

In normal circumstances, your Newf should only need to be bathed every two to six months. We recommend that you use a tea tree oil dog shampoo.

Toe nails should be clipped as necessary (usually monthly or bi-monthly); often only the dew claws need to be clipped. In winter, avoid trimming the nails on the rear legs as your Newf may need them for traction.

Ears should be checked at least once a week and cleaned as required. If your Newf tends to get ear infections, then daily spraying of the ears with vinegar is recommended.

At each stage of your Newf's coat development, we will show you the grooming techniques and equipment necessary. There is no charge for these grooming consultations.

The first lesson is normally given when you pick up your pup. Then, when your pup is approximately six to eight months old you should book another grooming appointment with us. This latter grooming session also includes a full check up by the breeder including comparison with a litter mate and verification of the microchip. Appropriate grooming tools and an appropriate collar and leash will usually be supplied by the breeder at this time.

Disinfecting the Dog Pen

The dog pen should be disinfected at least weekly in warm weather. When the temperatures drop below freezing for any part of the day, you do not need to disinfect at all.

There are many ways of disinfecting. The method that we recommend is to heavily sprinkle salt over the stones and then wet the pen with a hose. Hay salt/common fine salt/mixing salt/rock salt are available from rural feed stores in 40 Kg bags. If this method is not suitable for your situation, please consult us for alternative methods.

Between disinfecting times, you can keep your pen sanitary and free from odors by hosing each spot from which you scooped poop.

Registration Certificate

We will send you the pup's registration certificate within six months. Please make sure that we have your new mailing address should you move in the interim.


Your pup has a microchip. Should your Newf ever get lost or stolen, the microchip provides proof of your ownership and a means of locating you. The ownership can be traced through a 24 hour registry and the breeder is registered as a contact person.


  • Do not over exercise your pup in the first six months. Daily walks are fine if you adjust the length to the pup's size and stamina. The pup can self exercise in his pen or yard. If in doubt, please consult us.
  • Protect your pup in the first year from rough handling such as being tackled or sat upon by children or rough play with older dogs. Both as a pup and as an adult, do not let him jump out of the back of pick up trucks, vans or station wagons - side door of a mini-van is okay if it is 20 inches or less from the ground.
  • Newfoundlands should not be tied on a rope or chain on regular basis. As a very temporary measure or while traveling, this may be necessary: however, on a permanent basis, only a fenced yard or pen should be used to contain your Newf. When a Newf is tied up they must be supervised.
  • When your Newfie pup is at home, he should not wear a collar before six months of age except when being trained; serious injury or death could result. Regular wearing of many types of collar will wear the fur around the neck and spoil your dog's appearance; only flat buckle collars or fur saver collars or snap around training collars should be used. Flea collars may result in allergic reactions; if kept in a salted dog pen and groomed regularly, your Newf should not have a flea problem.
  • Choke or slip collars on a pup under six months of age should only be used in conjunction with a leash: any other use could be dangerous.
  • Jogging is not a suitable activity for a Newf; they overheat easily, even in winter.
  • Dog carting, dog sledding, backpacking and other forms of draft work should not be attempted until your pup is at least one year of age. I would be pleased to advise you on this.

Dog Clubs

To get the most fun and benefit out of owning a pure bred dog, we strongly urge you to join a local Newfoundland breed club. You will get newsletters and be eligible to participate in all sorts of activities, including seminars on water rescue work and draft work plus social, charity and fun events.

In addition, you should consider joining and supporting a local all-breed kennel or obedience club, usually the one where you take obedience lessons. Besides learning more about dogs, you will have opportunities to participate in activities open to all breeds such as obedience trials, drill teams, flyball races, agility competitions, tracking, visitations, etc.

Welcome To Our Family

Now that the business part of our relationship is over, and you have adopted a Hannibal Newfoundland into your family, you are now part of the Hannibal Kennels family.

If you need advice concerning your Newf I am as close as your phone, day or night. When you have "news" I am interested.

Please keep in touch.

Updated: February 2014